Friday, May 28, 2010

Adam had a written language

Moses 6

  5 And a book of remembrance was kept, in the which was recorded, in the language of Adam, for it was given unto as many as called upon God to write by the spirit of inspiration;

 “In the beginning God gave Adam a language that was pure, perfect, and undefiled. This Adamic language , now unknown, was far superior to any tongue which is presently extant. For instance, the name of God the Father, in this original language, is Man of Holiness , signifying that he is a Holy Man and not a vague spiritual essence." Elder Bruce R. McConkie ( Moses 6:57 .)

“This first language spoken by mortals was either the celestial tongue of the Gods or such adaptation of it as was necessary to meet the limitations of mortality; and Adam and his posterity had power to speak, read, and write it” ( Mormon Doctrine, 19).

Elder McConkie said: “From the beginning, the Lord provided a language and gave men the power to read and write. . . . The thing which they first wrote, and which of all their writings was of the most worth unto them, was a Book of Remembrance, a book in which they recorded what the Lord had revealed about himself, about his coming, and about the plan of salvation. " ( The Promised Messiah, 86; see also Moses 6:46 ).

We do not know what Adams written language was like, in our days no one is known of yet to have seen Adams Book of Remembrance.  The Lord protected the Book of Mormon in a stone box.  It maybe that the Lord has protected Adam's Book of Remembrance.   It may bee that someday people on earth will be able to read from Adams writings.

There has been discovered in archeology artifacts with written language on them.  When written language is discovered it is part of written history, any time before the discovery of written language in archeology is considered prehistory.

The earliest written language that has been discovered yet was found in Mesopotamia written in the Sumerian language using Cuneiform writing it was made about 3200 BC. The Kish tablet was found in Mesopotaia and may be the earliest form of writing ever discovered.

The writing on the Kish tablet is still considered proto-writing. Which uses simple pictures to communicate rather then the more advanced writing that uses symbols.  Examples of Sumerian written language have also been found with more symbolic writing.

This Sumerian Cuneiform tablet uses symbols and is a more advanced form of written language.

Keeping a Book of Remembrance

“Keeping journals reminds us of blessings. Those who keep a book of remembrance are more likely to keep the Lord in remembrance in their daily lives. Journals are a way of counting our blessings and of leaving an inventory of these blessings for our posterity” (The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, ed. Edward L. Kimball [1982], 349).

Just like Adam we can keep a Book of Remembrance.  This written history can be a reminder to us of the blessings and inspiration the Lord as given us.  It can also be a personal history of the stories of our lives.  As you grow up you will enjoy reviewing your journal entries and remembering the stories in them.  Your children and your ancestors also will treasure your Book of Remembrance, just like you, they will enjoy hearing stories about their ancestors.

How did Cain and his descendants live?

Genesis 4:

20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.
21 And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.
22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

From these short passages we learn allot about how Cain's descendants lived.

Cains Descendants:
  1. dwelt in tents
  2. owned cattle
  3. played the harp
  4. played the organ
  5. worked with brass
  6. worked with iron
Lets learn what these words mean.  The below definitions come from the 1828 Dictionary.

1. tent - A pavilion or portable lodge consisting of canvas or other coarse cloth, stretched and sustained by poles; used for sheltering persons from the weather.

The tents Cain's descendants lived in might have looked like this one from the Bible Times Center.  It would have been a simple structure used to protect his family from the weather.

2. cattleBeasts or quadrupeds in general, serving for tillage, or other labor, and for food to man. In its primary sense, the word includes camels, horses, asses, all the varieties of domesticated horned beasts or the bovine genus, sheep of all kinds and goats, and perhaps swine. In this general sense, it is constantly used in the scriptures.

Today we use the word livestock.  Our livestock is much different then the animals would have been for Cain and his descendants.  Our animals have been domesticated for a long time, for years and years we have been breeding them to be larger and more productive.  Most likely Cains Descendants had smaller more rugged animals to help them and use for food.

3. harp - An instrument of music of the stringed kind, of a triangular figure, held upright and commonly touched with the fingers.

Harps today are very expensive and fancy.  The first harps that have been found in archaeological prehistory, other then the bible, are in egyptian history.  The above photos are examples of egytpian harps.  

4. organ - The largest and most harmonious of wind instruments of music, consisting of pipes which are filled with wind, and stops touched by the fingers. It is blown by a bellows.

The first organ in archaeological prehistory, other then the bible, is the Hydraulis, which is from ancient Greece.  Ctesibius of Alexandrea, who lived about B.C 200 is generally credited with building the first pipe organ.  Panpipes like the one shown on the right are believed to be the predecessors of the pipe organ.   Today when we watch general conference we see see the conference center the background.  The organ is a beautiful instrument and is the preferred instrument for sacrament hymns.

5. brass - Hebrew bronze, brass, or copper. (from the Bible dictionary) An alloy of copper and zink,of a yellow color; usually containing about one third of its weight of zink, but the proportions are variable. (from the 1828 dictionary)

In archaeological prehistory, other then the bible, brass is seen in West India, Uzbekistan, Iran, Syria, Iraq and Israel. During what is known as the bronze age. Which started around 3300 BC.  Bronze was used to make weapons, dishes, ornaments, armor, drums and other various items.

6. ironA metal, the hardest, most common and most useful of all the metals.  

In archaeological prehistory, other then the bible, the iron age started around 1300 BC.   I was used to make tools, weapons, armor, bells, ornaments and other various items. 

Project - 

You could make your own real harp from pvc with a harp making kit from John Kovac for about $100.

To come - How to make a Rubberband harp

Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Times and Seasons Unit 3 - Telling Time Outline

Learning to count by 5's
Counting by 5's and Minutes
Arithmetic and Time

    Genesis Week 3 - Noah and the Tower of Babel

    1. Gen 7
    2. Story of Noah
    3. Gen 8
    4. Gen 9
    5. The Tower of Babel
    6. Gen 11, * omit 10-26 only covers geneology
    7. The Jaradites Leave Babel
    Flannel-board Stories
    • Noah uncolored
    • Noah colored
    • Babel
    • Jaradites Leave Babel

    Sunday, May 23, 2010

    Reduce the Stress of Homeschooling as a Christian - wikiHow

    Reduce the Stress of Homeschooling as a Christian - wikiHow

    This is an article I wrote a long time ago for Wiki How. It is fun to remember it and read back through it.

    Wednesday, May 19, 2010

    Times and Seasons Unit 2 - Telling time

    A day is 24 hours long. It takes our side of the earth 24 hours to make one full rotation and then rotate to face the sun again.  Each time our earth faces the sun we have day time.  It takes 24 hours for each day to complete.

    When we learned about the creation it took seven days of creation to make the earth.  In the scripture story it says that "Jesus made the earth in six days. The days were much longer than our days."  In Abraham 3: 4 we read.  "one revolution was a day unto the Lord, after his manner of reckoning, it being one thousand years according to the time appointed unto that whereon thou standest."  This means that one of the Lords days is 1000 years long compared to our days.  When you think of how long the creation days could have been, you can see that the Lord had allot of time to make such glorious things.  Click on the picture below to print out the How Long is a Day worksheet.  Color this picture in.  We will use this worksheet later in our lesson.

      A sundial is  like a clock.  Since there are 24 hours in a day, a sundial could end up having as many as 24 rocks.  A long time ago people would use sundials like clocks.  They would place the first rock when the first lights of the sun hit the dial.  They would place the last rock when the last lights of the day hit the sundial.  The would place the middle rock at high noon.  Then they would divide the space between the first and last rock into 12 equal spaces.  Thus the daytime was divided into 12 parts.  They would do this again at night, and divide the night into 12 parts.  Because the length of the days and of the nights changes as the year passes the time it took for the sun to move from one marker would vary depending on what time of day it was.  When the days were longer and the nights were shorter the distance between the rocks in the daytime were greater, and smaller in the night.

      Now a days we have mechanical clocks, this means we can divide the day into 24 exactly equal parts.  We still have our clock divided into two sets of 12, but the length of the day and length of the night do not change how long the divides are.  An hour is always 60 Min's long which is always 60 seconds long.

      Here you see a 24 hour wall clock, this is what it would look like if our clocks counted up to 24 instead of counting to 12 twice.

      Most clocks you see will be the standard 12 hour clock you see here.  Looking at the face of the clock you will see that it has three hands on it.  The shortest hand tells us what hour it is.  The next hand on the clock gets a little bit longer so we can more closely see where it is pointing, this medium size hand tells us what minute it is in the hour.  The final hand, usually the thinnest, fastest, longest hand is the tells us what second of the minute it is.  As each hand gets longer it is pointing to a smaller amount of time.  It is longer so we can see closer and more accurately where it is pointing.

      The shadow your stick casts is like the short hand on the clock.  It tells you what hour it is.  The minute hand can not be made by the sun.  The minute hand tells you how much of the hour has passed.  It goes around the clock in one hour, when it is half way around the hour is half way over.  When it has made it all the way around and back up to the top one hour is done and a new hour is beginning.

      A sundial is used to watch the shadow pattern that the sun casts.  
      • To start out with we need a stick.  Find a small stick.  This stick needs to be standing up so we can watch its shadow.  
      • You can get the stick to stand up by pressing a ball of playdough around its base and then pressing it against the ground.  Or you could put some dirt or sand in a paper cup and use the cup to help it stand.  
      • Once your stick is standing you will see its shadow.  Since the shadow of the stick is always falls opposite the sun, the shadow will move slowly as the sun slowly moves through the sky.  
      • Now set an alarm for the next hour mark comming up on your clock.  When the alarm goes off run outside and see where the shadow is.  Place a rock at the end of the sticks shadow.  
      • Set the alarm again, for another hour away.  Repeat this activity until you have all the hours you want marked on your sundial.  
      Need a photo  

      Lets play the sundial game, where you will pretend you are parts of the sundial.  You will need.
      • A large open are clear from objects
      • 1 person who represents the sun
      • 1 person who represents the sticks shadow
      • 1 person or chair that represents the stick

      To Play.  The "shadow" always hides behind the stick away from the sun.  Or the "shadow" always keeps the stick between him and the sun.
      • The "sun" walks slowly in a circle or half circle around the "stick"
      • The "stick" stands still.
      • The shadow watches the sun move and also moves so that the stick is always between the sun and him.  The shadow can either stand behind the stick.  Or the shadow can lay down on the ground and roll, slither, or move around the base of the stick as the sun moves around the stick.  Always trying to stay in line with the stick and the sun.
      In this game you can act out quickly what will happen with your sundial over the long time of the day.  You can see how the shadow will move.

      O'Clock.  As mentioned before the minute hand goes around the clock to tell you how much of the hour has passed.  When the minute hand is pointing stright up at the 12 this means one hour has just ended and a new is just beginning.  We call this time "o'clock".  When telling the time, the first part of the time is determined by the hour hand.  Look at the hour hand and see what time it is pointing to on the clock.  That tells you what hour it is.  If both hands are pointing to the 12 then we say it is twelve o'clock.  We write 12 o'clock with numbers like this 12:00.  This means it is the 12th hour and 00 minutes of the hour have passed by.

      If the short hand is pointing at 10 and the long hand is still pointing at the 12 we say it is eleven o'clock.  We write 10 o'clock like this 11:00  This means that it is the 10th hour and 00 minutes of the hour have passed by.

      Again if the short hand is pointing at the 9 and the long hand is pointing at the 12, then we say it is 9 o'clock.

      What time is it on the clock below?

      What time is it on this clock?

      Lets play a domino time game.  In this game you will match the face of the clock to the written digital time .
      • Print out each of these pages. Domino set 1, Domino set 2, Domino set 3, Domino set 4.
      • Cut around the outside of the dark black lines, but not the thin black lines.  
      • Now you can play dominoes.  Connect the matching digital time to the matching clock face to make a chain of dominoes.
      Worksheet: Now that you know how to tell the hour answer the questions on the second page of your How Long is a Day worksheet.

      Tuesday, May 18, 2010

      Vocabulary Words - Week 2

      1. Punish -
      • Latin -  punio, from the root of poena,pain. The primary sense is to press or strain.
      • To pain; to afflict with pain, loss or calamity for a crime or fault; primarily, to afflict with bodily pain, as to punish a thief with pillory or stripes; but the word is applied also to affliction by loss of property, by transportation, banishment, seclusion from society, &c. 
      • To chastise; as, a father punishes his child for disobedience.
      • To regard with pain or suffering inflicted on the offender; applied to the crime; as, to punish murder or theft.
      • PUN'ISHED, Afflicted with pain or evil as the retribution of a crime or offense; chastised.

      2. Transgress -
      • Latin -  transgressus, transgredior; trans and gradior, to pass.
      • To pass over or beyond any limit; to surpass.
      • In a moral sense, to overpass any rule prescribed as the limit of duty; to break or violate a law, civil or moral. 
      • To transgress a divine law, is sin. To offend by violating a law; to sin.
      • TRANSGRES'SION, The act of passing over or beyond any law or rule of moral duty; the violation of a law or known principle of rectitude; breach of command. - "He mourned because of the transgression of them that had been carried away." Ezra 10.

      How to print Vocabulary word cards
      1. Print the front page for set 1&2 (it is ok that it is upside down, that helps it print correct)
      2. Take the printed page and feed it back into your computer with the blank side up to be printed on, taking care to keep the top of the page oriented correctly for your printer.
      3. Print the back page for set 1&2
      4. Cut cards apart, if the top was oriented correctly then your flash cards have turned out just right.

      Monday, May 17, 2010

      Vocabulary Words - Week 1

         1. Believe -
      • To expect or hope with confidence; to trust. - I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living. Ps.27.
      • To have a firm persuasion of any thing. In some cases, to have full persuasion, approaching to certainty; in others, more doubt is implied. 
      • It is often followed by in or on, especially in the scriptures. To believe in, is to hold as the object of faith. "Ye believe in God, believe also in me." John 14. To believe on, is to trust, to place full confidence in, to rest upon with faith. "To them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name." John 1. Johnson.
      • To credit upon the authority or testimony of another; to be persuaded of the truth of something upon the declaration of another, or upon evidence furnished by reasons, arguments, and deductions of the mind, or by other circumstances, than personal knowledge. 
      •  In popular use and familiar discourse, to believe often expresses an opinion in a vague manner, without a very exact estimate of evidence, noting a mere preponderance of opinion, and is nearly equivalent to think or suppose.

            2. Eternal -
        • Without beginning or end of existence. - The eternal God is thy refuge. Deut.33.
        • Without beginning of existence.- To know whether there is any real being, whose duration has been eternal.
        • Without end of existence or duration; everlasting; endless; immortal. - That they may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory. 2 Tim.2. - What shall I do, that I may have eternal life? Matt.19. - Suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Jude 7.
        • Perpetual; ceaseless; continued without intermission. - And fires eternal in thy temple shine.
        • Unchangeable; existing at all times without change; as eternal truth.

        How to print Vocabulary word cards
        1. Print the front page for set 1&2 (it is ok that it is upside down, that helps it print correct)
        2. Take the printed page and feed it back into your computer with the blank side up to be printed on, taking care to keep the top of the page oriented correctly for your printer.
        3. Print the back page for set 1&2
        4. Cut cards apart, if the top was oriented correctly then your flash cards have turned out just right.

        Gensis Week 2 - Cain kills Able, Seth and Enoch

        Tuesday - * online devotional day
        * is for optional

        for offline reference print out the Weekly Outline

        Saturday, May 15, 2010

        Times and Seasons Unit 1 - The sun and the day

        Gen. 1: 14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

        The sun, moon and stars all are signs of time moving.  As we watch them move and change we can see the progression of time.  Lets learn more about the sun and how it helps us establish time.

        The Earth is rotating all the time.  If you drew an imagionary line through the center of the earths rotation, that would be the axis.

        It takes the earth almost 24 hours to rotate once on its axis.  As the earth rotates parts of the earth are closer to the sun then the others.  The part of the earth that is closest to the sun is lit up by the sun, making it daytime in that area.  The part of the earth that is farther from the sun is darker, making it night time there.
        Try this experiment.  Find a globe or a ball.  Practice helping this ball rotate on its axis.  Now put this ball near a source of light.  See how one side of the ball is lighter then the other.  When you rotate the ball the part of the ball that is light changes.  This is how we get day and night.

        The sun tells us what time it is. As the Earth spins on the axis the sun appears to move in the sky.  For the most part the sun stays in the same place, infact it is the Earth's movement that makes the sun appear tomove.  In the morning the sun starts out low in the sky in the east.  As the earth rotates the sun appears to slowly rise up higher into the sky. By noon the sun is high in the sky, making that the brightest part of the day. In the afternoon the sun starts slowly falling lower in the sky.

        In the evening we can have lovely sunsets as the suns light is low in the sky. When the sun moves through the sky it helps us see time move also.

        At night the moon comes out and travels through the sky like the sun. The stars can been seen sparkling at night also. The moon and the stars give us a little bit of light at night to see by.

        The sun sets our rhythm of the day.  When it is light outside we are awake and using its light to work and do good.  When it is dark outside we sleep while our bodies grow and recharge.  The scriptures instruct us to follow this pattern.
        D&C 88: 124 retire to thy bed early, that ye may not be weary; arise early, that your bodies and your minds may be invigorated.

        The sun makes shadows. When the sun shines on an object it lights that object up.  Because the light is hitting the object and not the ground it can cause a shadow, the shadow is generally in the shape of the object.  The shadow will change depending on the position the sun is at in the sky.  Watching the position of the shadows can be another way to tell the time of the day.  A fun way to watch the way shadows change is to make a sundial.  Follow this link below to create a sundial as a science project.

        Try this experiment. Create a Sundial with Science Kids at home.

        Friday, May 14, 2010

        Times and Seasons Unit

        Gen. 1: 14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
        The sun and the day.
        Time work sheets.
        Days of the Week
          Months of the Year
          The seasons of the year

          Wednesday, May 12, 2010

          Article of Faith #2

          We believe that 

          men will be punished

          for their own sins, 

          and not for 

          Adam's transgression.

          Tuesday, May 11, 2010

          Gensis Week 1 - Premortal Life, Creation and Adam and Eve

          Genesis Reading/ FHE schedule week one







          Saturday, May 8, 2010

          Mathematicians are People, Too

          I am going to incorporate these great books into my timeline.  They are just what I want, principals told in story form, in a timeline... Perfect!

          Does anyone know of books that teach science in the same way?

          Mathematicians in Volume 1
          Thales, Pythagoras, Archimedes, Hypatia, Napier, Galileo, Pascal, Newton, Euler, Lagrange, Germain, Gauss, Galois, Noether, and Ramanujan

          Here are the timelines


          Mathematicians in Volume 2
          Euclid, Khayyam, Fibonacci, Cardano, Descartes, Fermat, Agnesi, Banneker, Babbage, Somerville, Abel, Lovelace, Kovalevsky, Einstein, and Polya


          Working out a few kinks

          The previous lesson plan for Plan of Salvation Week flowed to slowly, I thought I had misjudged the flow of the lessons.  I am still working hard to try to figure out how to teach combined history of all the scriptures and world history in one timeline.  It is proving to be complicated.  Below is a spreadsheet of what I am working on now.

          History Outline

          I have forgotten FHE days and Saturday and Sundays of no homeschool.  More kinks to work out.

          The scripture memorization verses I will use will be from The Articles of Faith and Our Family Constitution as a first priority, then other scriptures that fit that topic and are important.  I will also get scriptures from the 2010 primary program and Old Testament Scripture Mastery and Book of Mormon Scripture Mastery.

          FHE lessons will come from Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual and Children's Friend flannel-board lessons.

          Friday, May 7, 2010

          Premortal Life Week

          Premortal life week:

          Day 1
          Day 2
          Day 3
          Day 4
          Day 5
          Additional Activities
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